Scientific Name: Gloriosa superba
Seed Shape: Compressed/ Shrinked
Seed Size: 1.5 - 2 mm
Seed Colour: Red
Tuber shape: ‘V’ shaped cylindrical tubers for propagation
Usage: For germination
Seed Packing: In plastic bags
Tuber packing: In Jute bags/ plastic net bags
Seed availability: Throughout the year
Botanical Name: Gloriosa superba
English Name: Glory Lily, Flame Lily, Malabar Glory Lily, Superb Lily
Hindi Name: Kalihari, Kathari, Kulhari, Languli, Agnishikha, Kanthal, Visalya
Propagation: By tubers / seeds
Tubers, seeds, leaves, flowers, fruits: Tonic, Anti-inflammatory, Anti-arthritis, Anti-gout, Anti-periodic, Anti-spasmodic, Anti-helminthic, Anthelmintic, Analgesic, Abortifacient, Laxative, Alexiteric.
Kalihari is a perennial herbaceous tendril climber with underground cylindrical white tuberous rhizome; leaves sessile, alternate; flowers showy, solitary, at first greenish later becoming yellow and finally scarlet; fruit capsule containing many seeds.
It is found in southern Africa, India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, and Burma. It is also planted outdoors in the southern United States. In India it is found in Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Goa, and few other parts.
Well drained red loamy soils are suited for cultivation. The ideal pH should be 6.0 – 7.0. This can be cultivated up to 600 m and as maximum as 2400 m from mean sea level with an annual rainfall of 70 cm.
Kalihari is used in the treatment of snake bites, scorpion stings, parasitic skin diseases, urological pains, colic, chronic ulcers, piles, gonorrhoea, gout, infertility, wounds, arthritis, cholera, kidney problems, typhus, itching, leprosy, cancer, nocturnal emission, abdominal pains, head lice, intestinal worms, sexually transmitted diseases, acne and skin eruption, human ear parasites and many other diseases.