Scientific Name: Artemisia annua
Seed Shape: Oblong
Seed Size: 0.6-0.8 mm long
Seed Colour: Brown, Yellow brownish
Usage:- For germination
Packing: In plastic bag
Seed availability: Throughout the year
Botanical Name: Artemisia annua
English Name: Sweet/ Annual Worm Wood, Sweet Annie, Sweet Sagewort
Hindi Name: Nagdona, Nagdaman, Davana, Damanak
Propagation: By seeds
Leaves: Anti-malaria, Anti-tumour, Anti-metastasis, Anti-bacterial, Anti-viral, Anti-fungal, Anti-cancer.
Artemisia is a short-day annual, branched, erect temperate herb with very slender stem having sweet aromatic odour. Its stems are deeply grooved. Leaves are bi- or tri- pinnatifid, linear or lanceolate. The flower heads are yellow, 2 mm in diameter, arranged in loose very slender panicle racemes.
The fruit is an achene with a single seed inside. The seeds are oblong, yellow brownish with a lustrous surface marked by vertical furrows; seed endosperm is creamy white in colour and contains fat content. Artemisia favours sandy loam to loamy soil and cold winter and moderate summer.
Artemisia is traditionally used to treat fevers, including those associated with Malaria, and it has antibacterial and antifungal properties. It has restorative properties for febrile conditions and is used to boost immune system support.
It is also used as a calming herb in aromatherapy. Artemisia is also used for bacterial infections such as dysentery and tuberculosis; illnesses caused by worms, other parasites, and mites; fungal infections; and viral infections such as the common cold.
Other uses include treatment of upset stomach, fever, yellowed skin (jaundice), psoriasis, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and other autoimmune disorders, loss of appetite, blood vessel disorders, constipation, gallbladder disorders, stomach pain, painful menstruation, and joint pain (rheumatism).