Scientific Name: Rauvolfia serpentina
Seed Shape: Ovoid with unsmooth surface
Seed Size: 0.4 - 0.5 cm carpel length
Seed Color: Brown
Usage: Germination (not for oil extraction)
Age: Fresh (˂ 6 months, good for germination)
Seedling Height: 6” - 12” or above
Root cutting length: 4 - 6 inches
Packing of seeds: Plastic bag
Packing of seedlings/ cuttings: In plastic net bag
Availability: Throughout the year
Botanical Name: Rauvolfia serpentine
English Name: Indian Snakeroot/ Black Snakeroot
Hindi Name: Sarpagandha, Chandrabhaga, Chota-chand
Propagation: By seeds/ rooted plants/ root cuttings
Root: Sedative, Anti-epileptic, Anti-hypertensive, Good tranquilizer.
Sarpagandha is very common throughout India and the Himalayas. In India, it is abundantly seen in Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh, MP, and North East regions. It is also reported in China and South East Asia. It is an erect under-shrub. The leaves are 7-10 cm long, spear-shaped. The flowers are 1 inch long, white and pink. It contains nectar at the deep of the corolla tube. The blooming time is in the month of August and September. The root is branched and tuberous.
Sarpagandha is used as a useful herb in the Ayurveda, Unani and Homoeopathy treatments. It is a famous tranquilizer and antipsychotic herb of India for the treatment of paranoia and schizophrenia, insomnia, hysteria and hypertension. It is a strong remedy for reducing blood pressure, sedating the nervous system and inducing sleep. It is a wonderful brain tonic.
Its affinity for the blood takes it directly to the heart. It swiftly dilates the blood vessels, causing high blood pressure to drop and the heart rate to reduce. Sarpagandha root is used for the difficult childbirth. It is used to stimulate uterine contraction. It is used in various part of the world for the treatment of snake (cobra), scorpion or reptile bite and stings of any poisonous insects.