Sarpagandha is considered as one of the best-known medicinal herbs in the world. It is widely grown in India on a variety of soils from sea level up to 1200m altitude. The plant is an erect, evergreen sub-shrub. This plant is 0.2m to 0.6 m tall. The stem has no branch and has irregularly longitudinally fissured, pale brown and corky bark. It is propagated through seeds and rooted nursery plants.
Scientific Name: Rauvolfia serpentina
English Name: Indian Snakeroot/ Black Snakeroot
Hindi Name: Sarpagandha, Chandrabhaga, Chota-chand
Root Color: Brown
Usage of roots: Medicinal
Physical condition: Completely dried, healthy and thick roots
Packing of roots: Plastic bag or as per buyer’s requirement
Availability: Throughout the year
Sedative, Anti-epileptic, Anti-hypertensive, Good tranquilizer.
Sarpagandha is very common throughout India and the Himalayas. In India, it is abundantly seen in Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh, MP, and North East regions. It is also reported in China and South East Asia. It is an erect under-shrub. The leaves are 7-10 cm long, spear-shaped. The flowers are 1 inch long, white and pink. It contains nectar at the deep of the corolla tube. The blooming time is in the month of August and September. The root is branched and tuberous.
Medicinal Benefits / Uses
Sarpagandha is used as a useful herb in the Ayurveda, Unani and Homoeopathy treatments. It is a famous tranquilizer and antipsychotic herb of India for the treatment of paranoia and schizophrenia, insomnia, hysteria and hypertension. It is a strong remedy for reducing blood pressure, controlling hysteria, urticaria naturally, sedating the nervous system and inducing sleep. Use in gastrointestinal maladies like anoresia, dyspe-psia, worms and abdominal pain.
It is a wonderful brain tonic. Its affinity for the blood takes it directly to the heart. It swiftly dilates the blood vessels, causing high blood pressure to drop and the heart rate to reduce. Sarpagandha root is used for the difficult childbirth. It is used to stimulate uterine contraction. It is used in various part of the world for the treatment of snake (cobra), scorpion or reptile bite and stings of any poisonous insects.